Queen Bee Develops From Larvae Chosen By Worker Bees And Are Specifically Fed To Become Sexually Mature.
The queen bee is described as the adult mated female that lives inside the hive or honey bee colony. She is the mother of most of the bees in the hive. The queen develops from larvae chosen by worker bees and are specifically fed to become sexually mature. There is only 1 adult mated queen bee present in a hive. Other dominant reproductive females in a eusocial bee colony may also be referred to as queen bees.
The queen bee abdomen is significantly longer compared to other worker bees. However, beekeepers can still have some difficulty locating the queen in a hive of 60,000 to 80,000 bees. Some queens are marked with paint on the thorax for quick identification. Beekeepers mate and raise queen bees in different ways. Some of the known approaches are the mating yard, grafting, the Jenter kit and artificial insemination.
A worker bee is described as a female eusocial bee that does not have the complete reproductive capacity of the colony’s queen bee. Some of the functions of the workers include maintaining uniformity in the hive temperature, especially in the brood area. Workers gather pollen via the pollen baskets located on their hind legs and carry these back to feed the growing brood.
Workers strive to keep the hive temperature at about 34.4 degrees C. If the hive gets too hot, workers gather water and spread it around as well as fan the air using their wings. They can gather together to produce extra heat if the temperature drops. Worker bees never reproduce because they are infertile. These are still considered genetically female. A larva can become a queen or a worker, depending on the type of food give after the initial 3 days of larval form.
Drones are described as male honey bees. These develop from eggs that are not fertilized. The main function of drones is to prepare to fertilize the ready queen. Mating usually occurs near or inside drone areas. Drones do not usually mate with a virgin queen belonging to the same hive because queens tend to move from one hive to another. Mating occurs during flight. The drones can manage well because of their big eyes. The drone, after successful mating, usually dies because the penis and related abdominal tissues are torn from the body during intercourse.